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Press convention by Catherine Colonna, Minister for Europe and Overseas Affairs, on the 77th United Nations Common Meeting (New York, 09.19.22)


Good day to you all,

Thanks for being right here, together with those that are taking part remotely.

I’m honoured to be collaborating on this Excessive-Stage Week on the United Nations Common Meeting, for the primary time in fact as Minister for Europe and Overseas Affairs. As you realize, the President of the Republic is in London immediately to attend the funeral of Her Majesty, Queen Elizabeth II. He’ll journey to New York this night. He’ll due to this fact be current and participate within the Common Meeting on Tuesday, that’s, tomorrow, and till mid-afternoon on Wednesday.

For the primary time since 2019, the Common Meeting is again in its standard format. The world wants diplomacy to make a comeback. We lacked direct contact throughout the pandemic, there was an absence of contact between us, as I’ve usually mentioned, and whereas that alone doesn’t in fact clarify the dysfunction and fragmentation of the world, I’m satisfied it has been a adverse issue. It’s due to this fact optimistic that the Common Meeting has returned to its standard format. And right here we’re: the 77th session of the United Nations Common is opening. Allow us to take the very best benefit of it.

The context is especially severe, marked by Russia’s invasion of Ukraine and a merciless struggle there that has been unfolding for greater than six months now. This disaster is exacerbating tendencies of confrontation and it’s notably severe, as we now have usually underlined, as a result of it undermines essentially the most elementary rules of the worldwide order: these of the Constitution of the United Nations, like refraining from using pressure, respect for the territorial integrity of States, and the peaceable settlement of disputes. These elementary rules are notably significant right here in New York, as it’s they that assure our means, as Member States of the worldwide group, to dwell collectively due to a physique of guidelines, and to make sure peace and stability so far as doable. That’s the reason this undermining of the rules can’t be accepted.

So we’re right here to assist curb the fragmentation of the world, a fragmentation that some clearly want, whereas others look on and plenty of, most even, undergo. Right here in New York, right here and nowhere else. And I cannot point out the identify of every other metropolis that has been within the information not too long ago. It’s right here in New York that the entire world is current, all humankind is current. It’s right here that we should act to defend efficient multilateralism.

And now we come to the presentation of our programme this week, and I need to ask for a bit persistence: I’m going to attempt to set out precisely what we’re doing, and above all, to elucidate what’s behind the composition of this programme. I forgot to say that, within the coming days, this month, France has explicit accountability as it’ll maintain the presidency of the United Nations Safety Council. France’s diplomacy goals to take motion on three key areas:

  • Firstly, we should act in response to the dangers to international stability brought on by Russia’s struggle in Ukraine. I needed to point out it right here, however I’ll come again to it later.
  • Secondly, there are new international challenges which have additionally been exacerbated by this struggle, and that we will solely overcome if we keep away from the emergence of bloc geopolitics and confrontations. We’ve got keen companions on this, and we have to take initiatives to keep away from this danger of fragmentation.
  • And lastly, we’ll work to strengthen the resilience of our democracies and the vitality of our civil societies all over the place. Each are, as we all know, threatened by shrinking areas of freedom nearly all over the place.

    I’ll come again to every of those factors and current the French delegation’s programme this week.

Firstly, Russia’s aggression in opposition to Ukraine.

As I’ve mentioned, in attacking Ukraine, Russia is attacking the very foundations of the United Nations. But Russia is a everlasting member of the Safety Council and bears the actual accountability hooked up to that standing. It’s due to this fact notably severe that we’re seeing one of many everlasting members assault the very foundations of our group. You will need to underline that right here on the United Nations in New York. It’s a struggle of aggression, chosen by Russia with none justification, that Russia is conducting with explicit brutality, ignoring all legal guidelines of struggle and committing atrocities, with bombardment of civilian targets, rape, homicide, torture and compelled deportation. All these crimes are struggle crimes.

I’ve already had the chance to say this, however I wish to say it once more right here in New York: the truth that Russia, which is, I repeat, a everlasting member of the Safety Council and which ought to due to this fact be a guarantor of the Constitution, has discarded this accountability ought to arouse our concern. We have to be clear-sighted and name issues by their identify. I’m going to repeat one thing I’ve already had trigger to say not too long ago: it’s notably regarding to see Russia breach three thresholds on this struggle: a authorized threshold, violating the norms which are the muse of relations between States; an ethical threshold, via the size of the crimes dedicated in Ukraine, together with these found in Irpin, and in Bucha, simply now in Izium, and little doubt elsewhere; and a political threshold, bearing the accountability for meals safety blackmail, for international vitality safety blackmail, and, by militarily occupying a nuclear energy plant in Ukrainian territory, as it’s doing in Zaporizhzhia, representing a serious risk to the plant’s security and safety.

Regarding the battle in opposition to impunity for crimes dedicated in Ukraine, I might be chairing a Safety Council assembly on the topic on Thursday. The Secretary-Common of the United Nations will attend, as will the Worldwide Prison Court docket’s Prosecutor, Mr Karim Khan. I’ll put together the assembly shortly earlier than, that very morning, with my Ukrainian counterpart, Mr Kuleba, whose nation and its persons are victims of Russia’s actions. And I’m eager to say that we are going to guarantee on the Council that the perpetrators of atrocities dedicated in Ukraine should reply for his or her actions earlier than the courts. I’ll recall France’s fixed help for Ukraine’s investigations together with, as chances are you’ll bear in mind, via the deployment of French specialists and the supply of technical gear to gather proof and doc the circumstances referred to the courts. And I can even underline France’s fixed help to the ICC and its Prosecutor since March. The scenario was referred to the Worldwide Prison Court docket in March by 43 States, together with France. And ever since, we now have offered the ICC, amongst different issues, with an distinctive monetary contribution, in addition to human assets to assist the Court docket perform its work in Ukraine.

This work to carry the perpetrators of crimes to account is crucial and can demand dedication. France’s might be whole. Because the President repeated a number of days in the past, on Saturday I imagine, there will be no peace with out justice.

I discussed the scenario on the Zaporizhzhia nuclear energy plant, which can also be a topic of concern. It a topic of mobilization for our diplomacy. The President has spoken together with his counterparts President Zelenskyy and President Putin, in August and once more not too long ago, in addition to with the Director Common of the IAEA, Mr Rafael Grossi, with whom we and plenty of of our companions are in common contact.

So on Wednesday morning, at 11:30, we’ll come again to this at a working assembly organized by France with the Director Common of the IAEA with a purpose to help his initiatives with regard to Ukraine and Russia, following his go to to the positioning and with a view to securing the plant and its premises. The assembly might be opened by President Macron and the Ukrainian Prime Minister, Mr Chmyhal, and can then proceed at ministerial stage.

I mentioned this to Sergey Lavrov simply this morning, after I spoke with him earlier. The scenario at and across the Zaporizhzhia plant is crucial. Russia, which occupies the world across the plant, should not make itself accountable for a nuclear accident linked to its presence. Time is brief to arrange safety zones and transfer ahead on the premise of the IAEA Director Common’s proposals on this regard.

The second level is that this struggle is a matter for everybody. It impacts us collectively and threatens the rules-based worldwide order.

Which means we should work with everybody, not solely inside our conventional partnerships, but additionally construct new partnerships, design new codecs and discover new technique of dialoguing with our companions.

On this context, coordination between Europeans and allies is in fact important.

This very afternoon, the Overseas Ministers of the 27 EU Member States will meet to coordinate their actions throughout this Excessive-Stage Week. We may have two hours this afternoon, from 4 till 6 o’clock. I might as soon as once more like to spotlight the unity of the European Union on this disaster. For individuals who doubted the EU’s means to turn into a geopolitical actor, I imagine it has now been confirmed that it’s certainly doing so.

Later this week, Germany will convene the G7 Ministers, because it holds the Presidency, on Wednesday afternoon. And lastly, the US Secretary of State, Antony Blinken, will carry collectively quite a few colleagues on Thursday night in a “Transatlantic” format.

So, our allies and buddies from Europe and past. However in fact, we should additionally transcend this framework. We’ve got companions all over the place and we’re additionally all affected, in any respect latitudes, by the results of Russia’s struggle in Ukraine, be it in the case of vitality safety or to meals safety. These adverse results have an effect on everybody and are, want I repeat, the direct penalties of Russia’s struggle of alternative in Ukraine.

We’ve got simply redoubled efforts to shrink the hole between North and South, redoubled efforts collectively. And that’s additionally one of many foremost messages the President will carry to New York, each throughout the Common Debate and on the sidelines of the Common Meeting in his contacts and the conferences he organizes. The President will meet quite a few his counterparts from what is usually known as, within the absence of a greater time period, and I’m not sure the expression is ideal, the “World South”. As a result of we have to display that “bloc” geopolitics won’t win the day, and should not, in fact, in the case of cooperation, and so we’re holding discussions in a broadened format. We have to show that the United Nations is the bearer of universality and that it stays our information, as a result of we’re satisfied that it’s the solely solution to discover options to conditions that have an effect on us all and conditions wherein the notions of North and South haven’t any extra significance, as all international locations, in any respect latitudes, as I used to be saying, are affected.

Furthermore, the President will maintain a particular working assembly on meals safety, a topic we now have been very concerned in from the outset, as proven by our work on the European “Solidarity Lanes” initiative, for instance, for the export of Ukrainian grain, which achieved superb outcomes, and on the FARM initiative, which I need to point out, which is progressing.

Personally, I’ll have many bilateral conferences. I used to be in India final week, and immediately I’ll proceed my discussions with the Chinese language Overseas Minister, Mr Wang Yi, with my Egyptian counterpart, and plenty of others. We are going to in fact preserve you on top of things as bilateral conferences go on.

However above and past these bilateral conferences, we’re renewing how we do diplomacy, and I wish to take two examples, as I imagine you’ll discover this on the Common Meeting. And my two examples are the Indo-Pacific area and Africa.

The Indo-Pacific, firstly, might be essential in our diplomatic motion this week. It’s a area of main divisions, a area the place affect is being exercised extra assertively than prior to now, and a area that’s essential for international safety and prosperity.

This week, we wish a specific emphasis to be positioned on what we will do collectively, as you will notice within the numerous codecs.

I discussed India. We have already got intense dialogue with India. The strategic partnership we solid some 25 years in the past – we’ll have a good time the anniversary in January subsequent yr – is one thing we wish to use to foster worldwide stability and the in search of of options to international challenges. We are going to do this right here in New York, working with new companions. Simply immediately, we’ll maintain a trilateral dialogue, and that is new, between Indian, Emirati and French Ministers to debate what we will do collectively and doable partnerships, together with within the battle in opposition to local weather change and within the Indian Ocean area. And talking of trilateral diplomacy, there can even be one other one, illustrating these new codecs and the emphasis we’re inserting on the Indo-Pacific: a gathering might be held on Friday between Australia, India and France. We are going to meet within the afternoon to debate our regional safety initiatives, this time.

And as I point out Australia, I wish to spotlight the resumption of a extra trusting dialogue with Australia that might be confirmed shortly earlier than the trilateral dialogue at a bilateral working assembly I’ll maintain with my Australian counterpart, Ms Penny Wong, which might be devoted to fine-tuning and finalizing a bilateral highway map that was agreed in precept throughout Australian Prime Minister Albanese’s go to to Paris this summer time. The highway map ought to be bold and made up of tangible tasks. I hope we can talk about this once more quickly.

So, that was it for the Indo-Pacific, and I had one other instance: Africa, and the partnership we wish to proceed deploying.

It was outlined, as chances are you’ll member, by the President, proper again on the very begin of his first time period, in his 2017 Ouagadougou speech. We are going to proceed this work with the help of the European Union Member States too, and that of the African Union, according to the shared want expressed throughout the summit held in February between the European Union and the African Union underneath the French Presidency of the Council of the European Union, which was the primary of its variety.

What does renewal of our partnership imply? It means persevering with to work with the continent’s States with the closest doable give attention to what they need and what they want. I’ll communicate with a number of West African leaders on Wednesday at a gathering organized collectively with Guinea-Bissau, which at the moment holds the Chairmanship of ECOWAS. The assembly might be devoted to safety within the Sahel and within the Gulf of Guinea. As you realize, a sure variety of considerations are rising there. Our redeployment within the Sahel following the withdrawal of Operation Barkhane additionally requires us to seek out new technique of contributing to our companions’ safety. As you realize, France needs to stay current and can stay current alongside the African States that so want, with a purpose to help their efforts and tackle the wants they categorical. So it’s this method of a partnership between equals, as outlined by the President, that we’re deploying. That’s what finest represents our new method.

One other side of this motion is our battle in opposition to the lies that focus on our operations, in Mali specifically, however elsewhere too. France paid a heavy value in Mali to stop a State dominated by jihadists from taking on. France did this, I’d add, on the request of the nation’s official authorities, and it did so in liaison with many companions and with their help. It can not settle for the false and outrageous accusations made by the Malian junta, a junta that’s the product of two coups. We additionally condemn the atrocities perpetrated by the Wagner Group mercenaries. These atrocities have been extensively documented by the United Nations, and we should additionally emphasize and condemn all of the crude makes an attempt at spreading misinformation that this militia is usually responsible of doing, within the picture of its backer. I would really like you to pay shut consideration to what’s unfolding there.

I’ll have the chance to say this once more on the assembly on Thursday afternoon organized by the United Nations Secretary-Common, with the Excessive-level Panel directed by former President of Niger, Mr Issoufou, who’s accountable for this mission.

I additionally want to recall our want to resume our partnership, which entails a brand new dialogue, along with State-to-State, government-to-government dialogue: we wish to communicate immediately with African younger individuals and civil societies, together with right here in New York. And so this night I’ll have the pleasure of receiving African artists and administrators of cultural establishments at Villa Albertine New York – Villa Albertine is the identify for our artists’ residences in New York and different locations in america. These artists come from a wide range of backgrounds and are a testomony to the vitality, creativity and vitality of African youth. So I’m notably completely satisfied that they may attend the residence, and I’ve nice hopes for our dialogue as a result of these discussions are important, and I reiterate, along with relationships between States, to assist us overcome challenges collectively, and higher than we do alone, and in addition to assist us change and refresh the picture that we generally have of one another. So it’s really in our curiosity to develop these relationships with artists, younger individuals, athletes, and creators, and I believe everybody remembers the progress President Macron made on this challenge throughout his African tour in July.

Third, and to complete structuring our programme, this week France will verify its want to work determinedly on a democratic resilience programme.

We all know concerning the repeated assaults on democracy and freedoms, and makes an attempt to advertise an “various order”. So we’ll use this 77th session to advocate for a democratic agenda, which should clearly take into consideration the event of latest media and what that suggests for the functioning of our establishments and societies. Specifically we’ll take motion on two fronts: regulating the digital sector and entry to info.

On digital expertise, our philosophy is evident: digital expertise stakeholders play an enormous function in our lives, and so meaning they’ve duties in direction of our fellow residents, wherever they’re. That’s one other instance the place there isn’t a North or South, the place we should all discover the fitting solutions collectively.

That’s the that means of the 2019 Christchurch Name which goals to eradicate terrorist and violent extremist content material on-line, and the second Christchurch Name summit will happen on Tuesday, chaired by President Macron and the Prime Minister of New Zealand, Ms Ardern. In liaison with the giants of the digital sector, with civil society and States, we’re taking tangible steps to higher regulate digital content material, and to battle misinformation that’s destabilizing and false. We’re additionally engaged on it in Europe, as you might be conscious, within the framework of the brand new European Digital Providers Act (DSA), laws that can battle in opposition to unlawful content material on-line and incitement to hatred and violence. These two actions go hand in hand. The battle in opposition to disinformation, together with misinformation, of which we noticed lots throughout the pandemic, signifies that greater than ever we have to help freedom of data and entry to pluralistic, unbiased, free and dependable info. That’s the reason, in liaison with the 45 different associate States of this initiative, and with Reporters With out Borders, I’ll chair the second Summit for Info and Democracy on Thursday, alongside Christophe Deloire.

On Friday, I’ll attend a ministerial assembly on cyber safety, with my German counterpart Ms Baerbock. This assembly might be a chance to reaffirm our dedication to cyber area that’s open, secure, steady, accessible to all and peaceable. So we’ll reiterate our dedication to accountable use by States of data and communication applied sciences within the area of worldwide safety, by selling a United Nations programme of motion on this space.

And lastly, on Friday I’ll participate within the follow-up assembly for the Era Equality Discussion board, a yr after it was held in Paris, France, and co-chaired by Mexico, in order that we will proceed to have interaction the worldwide group on the Discussion board and on its implementation, overseen by UN Ladies. On that event I can even recall France’s dedication to selling and defending girls’s rights and gender equality, and I might additionally wish to recall that this has been the grand reason for each phrases of President Macron’s presidency, and a trigger that I’m in fact notably dedicated to. As you realize, in any society, the backsliding of ladies’s rights is at all times an indication of deep disaster. We will see it taking place, together with in international locations near us, and within the nation we’re at the moment in: girls’s rights and bodily autonomy are being undermined, and that’s the reason we should preserve going and make progress.

These are our ambitions for this week. I used to be a bit lengthy, however I needed to current you with the programme and its construction, and the deep causes underlying this programme. And so, to summarize, we should concurrently:

  • Work to respect the elemental rules of the Constitution: they’re severely threatened immediately, and we should curb the consequences of the Russian struggle in Ukraine;
  • Keep a spirit of dialogue and compromise inside the worldwide group, which is exhibiting apparent indicators of fragmentation, and even attempt to discover higher avenues for cooperation, and construct new multilateral options, together with by reforming establishments that want reforming;
  • And at last, we should come collectively to face up for the rules of freedom and defence of rights, rules which have at all times guided us.

    That’s the finish of my presentation. Thanks for listening and I’m now prepared for questions.

Q (Anadolu) – Thanks, Minister. My query might be on Ukraine. We’re listening to from the Russian authorities that they will’t take their meals and fertilizer off to the market however on the similar time we’re listening to that there are not any sanctions on Russian meals, Russian grain and Russian fertilizer, and in addition the UN Secretary Common says that we badly want the Russian fertilizer and there are talks negotiation happening to take it to the markets.

What’s the impediment, are there any sanctions? What’s preserving Russian grain or fertilizer out?

A – On this topic, I imagine it will be sensible to not hearken to what Russian propaganda generally says, and as a substitute to take a look at the info and the regulation. There are not any sanctions on Russian meals or fertilizers. There are none; that’s straightforward to verify. There are monetary sanctions on Russia, however there are none on meals and fertilizers. So the problem that the United Nations Secretary-Common identified is expounded to the monetary mechanism, however monetary mechanisms enable us to seek out methods to export, in full compliance with the worldwide measures, I stress.

However again to the info – as a result of these are the info, and they’re verifiable, and I believe it has now been two or three months that we now have been repeating that there are not any sanctions on these items for Russia.

Q ( Reuters) – Are you of the opinion of Ms von der Leyen that Vladimir Putin ought to be introduced earlier than the ICC?

Second query on Iran: Do you suppose {that a} compromise is feasible on the issues of IAEA safeguards? Is the US place as robust because the British and French place on this?

And one other query concerning the working group on Zaporizhzhia on Wednesday: Will Russia be collaborating within the working group?

Q (Nikkei of Japan) – You’ll be assembly with the Overseas Minister of China, shortly. There may be rising pressure round Taiwan. What message will you be telling the Chinese language Overseas Minister? Simply to get some readability, what’s France’s place on Taiwan?

A – As for the battle in opposition to impunity, I reiterated earlier that it is vital, even extraordinarily vital, that the perpetrators of the crimes dedicated reply for his or her actions. As a result of these crimes are abominable, and there will be no peace with out justice. The devices at our disposal are nationwide and worldwide justice techniques.

The Ukrainian justice system is the nationwide justice system in query, which we’re serving to to do its work, like others. I wish to point out that we now have already despatched groups of specialised investigators and a DNA lab to assist doc the proof and we’ll proceed to assist the Ukrainian authorities with extra actions corresponding to this. I’ll come again to it later within the week. Different nationwide justice techniques have additionally been referred to; there are proceedings initiated in different States, and notably in France.

Then there’s the worldwide legal justice system, on the forefront of which is the Worldwide Prison Court docket, which we help via monetary contribution and the supply of personnel. We’re at the moment finalizing the supply of judges and investigators. It’s the accountability of the Worldwide Prison Court docket to doc occasions, which is able to allow it to doc the crimes dedicated underneath the open investigation. We are going to quickly hear from Prosecutor Karim Khan, who has opened an investigation for struggle crimes and crimes in opposition to humanity. So we’ll see what the conclusions of this investigation might be, however I need to level out that the Worldwide Prison Court docket can challenge a call not solely on the ultimate executants, but additionally on these accountable. In order that’s the place we’re, and we’ll see what the Prosecutor has to inform us.

On Iran and the positions of the varied States, I can verify that the European place and the place of america of America are an identical, and we coordinate fairly often – at ministerial stage we had been involved simply 8 or 9 days in the past. Prolonged talks passed off, and a textual content was tabled, which mirrored the purpose of equilibrium and a doable settlement as of March; since then, it has gone forwards and backwards and ultimate changes had been made. Sadly, Iran has not but responded positively to this proposal for settlement, and it even went again on one other side of its obligations: these which stem from the NPT. So I believe that the window of alternative, which was nonetheless open a crack on the finish of August, is about to shut once more. And, as you noticed final week, all of us, talking as a rustic or collectively, proceed to repeat that there gained’t be a greater supply on the desk for Iran, and now it has to decide.

In response to your query on Zaporizhzhia, I believe I’ve mentioned all I can say: the scenario stays extraordinarily harmful, regardless of the success of Mr Grossi’s mission, which enabled the info of the scenario to be noticed. So, following this primary mission, the IAEA is working, with our help and the help of many different companions, to seek out methods to keep away from a nuclear incident or a nuclear accident. I wish to level out that the Russian forces are occupying the world across the energy station with army means; it’s an occupation out of the country that clearly provokes reactions from that nation’s authorities. Mr Grossi made proposals; he envisages these, as you realize, via mechanisms that may solely be primarily based on the reciprocity of obligations of each events to decrease the strain. We are going to hear from him throughout this assembly on Wednesday. I don’t wish to say extra or communicate for him. This morning as I spoke to my Russian counterpart, I drew his consideration to the significance for all States involved, and in addition for all States on this planet, of avoiding a nuclear incident in Ukraine that will be brought on by the occupation by Russian forces of the ability station.

My interlocutor appeared open to the concept of listening to particular particulars from Mr Grossi, and you might be conscious of the two-level proposals.

Regarding China, there’s nothing actually new that I can let you know.

The scenario considerations us enormously and the rising tensions are a supply of fear for the worldwide group as a result of China is exhibiting an aggressive angle that doesn’t correspond to the steady relations that we wish for this space and elsewhere, nor does it correspond to the soundness that China is historically dedicated to.

Previously, we now have shared our concern in response to actions which are prone to heighten pressure: there have been a number of. And within the context of our coverage which has not budged, all of us have relationships with Taiwan. And the established order, which is the present scenario, should not be undermined by China or every other nation, and definitely not via means that aren’t peaceable, as we now have seen the temptation. On that, readability stays however there are not any new current components.

Q – Forgive me if I didn’t hear earlier than the audio was fairly spotty. The assembly with Mr Lavrov, how did that go, are you able to inform us extra about it, is there any signal that he despatched that he’s open to diplomacy?

Q – How lengthy did that final?

A – Slightly below half an hour. It’s the second time I’ve spoken with him since taking workplace. The primary was in August, exactly with reference to the Zaporizhzhia plant. And we then noticed progress that enabled Mr Grossi’s mission to be organized. We are going to see how issues go this time.

Q – You talked about Iran and the window of alternative that’s closing. What kind of initiative may you’re taking throughout the assembly? And President Raisi is there. Is a gathering envisaged with President Macron?

A – There are not any new initiatives: I simply mentioned that we now have made the very best efforts in good religion over a yr or a yr and a half of negotiations and made ultimate changes in the summertime. It’s now as much as Iran to simply accept or reject that. The ball is in its courtroom, it’s its resolution. Iran could be nicely suggested to grab this chance to return to the JCPOA and its advantages, which might not settle all points on regional stability however which might be a helpful step. May there be conferences with Mr Raisi? I don’t know at this stage, however you’ll do not forget that the President spoke with Mr Raisi this summer time, after I spoke with my counterpart at his request. So we’ll see what this week will carry.

Lastly, on the President’s precise programme, my duties cease there. In good time, you’ll obtain the composition of what shouldn’t be seen as “outreach”, however quite as an expanded assembly with our companions, within the spirit, as I used to be saying, of not simply staying between us, however quite forging as many ties as are wanted on international points and topics that concern us all. And I believe there might be half a dozen or a dozen individuals, however it isn’t as much as me to provide the names of the international locations involved. Thanks.

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