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HomeFrench NewsThe Cross of Lorraine : from Hungary to Colombey

The Cross of Lorraine : from Hungary to Colombey

Inaugurated on June 18, 1972, virtually two years after the dying of the Basic, the Lorraine cross in Colombey-les-deux-Églises (52) remembers the reminiscence of the one who gave again to France its honor and its independence. However the origin of this cross is way older…

On June 17 and 18, 2022, the Cross will probably be celebrated by an exhibition and numerous actions as a rallying level, supply of inspiration and monumental manifestation of the greatness of France. Under is this system of the 2 days of festivities.
However the Cross of Lorraine, whose 50ᵉ anniversary of its elevation at Colombey-les-deux-Églises (Haute-Marne) will probably be celebrated, has a really historical historical past. The patriarchal cross represents the cross on which Jesus was crucified, to which was added a crossbar, shorter, above the primary, to recall the signal on which Pontius Pilate had inscribed these letters INRI for ”Iesvs Nazarenvs, Rex Ivdæorvm” (Jesus of Nazareth, King of the Jews). It’s near the patriarchal cross identified in heraldry.

The logo of Hungary

Getting back from the crusades, the double cross turned the symbol of the kings of Hungary. It may be discovered on Hungarian cash from the 12ᵉ century onwards. Two centuries later, the wedding between Mary of Hungary and Charles II of Naples, made the dominion of Hungary a possession of the home of Anjou.
René d’Anjou, the nice King René, Duke of Lorraine and Bar in 1431, was the grandson of Louis I of Hungary from whom he inherited the title, but additionally the symbol of the double cross. He made it the symbol of Lorraine, which was to seem on his coat of arms from then on.
Half a century later, on the well-known battle of Nancy, on January 5, 1477, René II’s troopers carried the Hungarian Cross, which turned the Anjou Cross and now the Lorraine Cross, to defeat the Duke of Burgundy, Charles the Daring. It should stay a logo for all of the patriots of Lorraine.

Cross of Lorraine versus swastika

After the Attraction of June 18, the query arose as to how finest to establish the assets and forces of the Free French so as to distinguish them from these of Vichy. It was essential for the Free French to discover a distinctive signal. On July 1, 1940 in London, on the proposal of Vice Admiral Muselier and within the presence of Lieutenant-Commander Georges Thierry d’Argenlieu, the Lorraine cross was adopted as the symbol of the Free French.
This signal, really easy to memorize and to attract clandestinely, was additionally against the swastika of the Nazi occupier.

Two years after the dying of the Basic

Basic de Gaulle died on November 9, 1970 and his physique was laid to relaxation within the household grave within the small cemetery of Colombey, subsequent to his daughter Anne. Two years later, the Cross of Lorraine was raised within the sky of Colombey. Supported by the barons of Gaullism, gathered in a nationwide committee, the venture was additionally supported by the Grand Chancellery and the Companions of the Order of the Liberation, respectable bearers of the Gaullist reminiscence. The de Gaulle household follows the venture very intently, participates within the selections and ensures that the Gaullian values are revered.
Certainly one of its dearest needs is to affirm and exhibit that this memorial venture has no political character.
The village of Colombey-les-deux-Églises will come alive on June 17 and 18 for the fiftieth anniversary of the Cross of Lorraine and the primary Gaullist conferences in Colombey !




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