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The New Geography of the Russian Elite


They name it “Dubaisk.”

After the Russian invasion, the specter of closing borders, worldwide sanctions and imprisonment drove tens of hundreds to flee Russia.

Journalists, activists and tech staff flocked to Armenia, Georgia and Turkey — comparatively reasonably priced, close by international locations that enable Russians to enter with out visas. In Europe, international locations like Germany and Latvia took in Russians fearing persecution at dwelling.

However one other cohort of Russians — together with enterprise magnates and celebrities — made Dubai, the largest metropolis on the Persian Gulf, their foremost vacation spot.

Earlier than the invasion, solely 3 p.c of personal flights departing Russia flew the United Arab Emirates, primarily to Dubai, in keeping with a Occasions evaluation of hundreds of data from RadarBox.com, a flight monitoring firm. That determine rose to six p.c within the weeks after the invasion started, and 14 p.c by Might.






European cities had been favourite locations for Russian personal jets earlier than the invasion…

…however had been changed within the weeks after by areas in Central Asia and the Center East.

European cities had been favourite locations for Russian personal jets earlier than the invasion…

…however had been changed within the weeks after by areas in Central Asia and the Center East.

European cities had been favourite locations for Russian personal jets earlier than the invasion…

…however had been changed within the weeks after by areas in Central Asia and the Center East.


Be aware: Proportion of complete flights departing Russia from Feb. 1 to March 15. Sanctions on people began on Feb. 25 and a ban on airspace on Feb. 27.

The data present placing proof that Western sanctions over the conflict in Ukraine have succeeded in drastically altering the lives and habits of the Russian elite. The evaluation captures each privately owned jets and jets leased by business firms, though the flight patterns recommend many of the jets are privately owned.

Earlier than the invasion on Feb. 24, even amid the deep freeze in relations between Russia and the West, luxurious European playgrounds in Britain, France and Switzerland provided havens for Russia’s superrich. However now, with European airspace closed to Russian jets, and European international locations seizing the property of Russian oligarchs, the times of flying to Geneva for a weekend purchasing journey look like over.

As a substitute, a wartime geography of the attain of Russia’s rich emerges in flight patterns analyzed by The Occasions. Kazakhstan and Turkey, international locations that didn’t be a part of sanctions towards Russia and which have offered a house for Russian companies leaving the nation, have develop into main locations. Azerbaijan, a former Soviet republic that also nurtures shut ties to each Russia and Ukraine, has additionally benefited from elevated personal jet journey.

However no nation has seen as large a soar in rich Russian vacationers because the United Arab Emirates, the place the resort and monetary middle of Dubai has emerged as the principle hub connecting Moscow to the luxurious and enterprise alternatives nonetheless on supply from the remainder of the world.

“A number of folks don’t have a alternative,” mentioned Daria Poligaeva, a Russian journalist who moved to Dubai a number of years in the past and is now seeing a wave of compatriots arriving. “It’s one of many few locations the place now you can switch your corporation, the place there’s a market, the place you’ll be able to develop your corporation, and the place you continue to have a market of worldwide companies,” she added.






Flights from Russia

earlier than and after sanctions

Armenia

Austria

Azerbaijan

Belarus

Belgium

BRITAIN

Croatia

Cyprus

Czech Rep.

Denmark

Estonia

Finland

France

Germany

Greece

Hungary

Iceland

Israel

Italy

Kazakhstan

Latvia

Lithuania

Luxembourg

Maldives

Netherlands

Norway

Poland

Portugal

Qatar

Romania

Saudi Arabia

Serbia

Seychelles

Slovakia

Slovenia

South Korea

Spain

Sweden

Switzerland

Turkey

Ukraine

U.A.E.

United States

Uzbekistan

Armenia

Austria

Azerbaijan

Belarus

CANCELLED

CANCELLED

CANCELLED

CANCELLED

CANCELLED

CANCELLED

CANCELLED

CANCELLED

CANCELLED

Germany

Greece

CANCELLED

CANCELLED

Israel

Italy

Kazakhstan

CANCELLED

CANCELLED

CANCELLED

Maldives

CANCELLED

CANCELLED

Poland

CANCELLED

Qatar

Romania

Saudi Arabia

Serbia

Seychelles

CANCELLED

CANCELLED

South Korea

CANCELLED

Sweden

Switzerland

Turkey

Ukraine

U.A.E

United States

Uzbekistan

Flights from Russia earlier than and after sanctions

Armenia

Austria

Azerbaijan

Belarus

Belgium

BRITAIN

Croatia

Cyprus

Czech Republic

Denmark

Estonia

Finland

France

Germany

Greece

Hungary

Iceland

Israel

Italy

Kazakhstan

Latvia

Lithuania

Luxembourg

Maldives

Netherlands

Norway

Poland

Portugal

Qatar

Romania

Saudi Arabia

Serbia

Seychelles

Slovakia

Slovenia

South Korea

Spain

Sweden

Switzerland

Turkey

Ukraine

United Arab Emirates

United States

Uzbekistan

016

051

043

023

004

078

002

039

011

004

029

043

123

080

012

009

003

033

064

067

066

016

003

031

006

001

015

005

004

008

005

052

004

002

002

003

020

010

118

074

016

153

020

024

Armenia

Austria

Azerbaijan

Belarus

Belgium

BRITAIN

Croatia

Cyprus

Czech Rep.

Denmark

Estonia

Finland

France

Germany

Greece

Hungary

Iceland

Israel

Italy

Kazakhstan

Latvia

Lithuania

Luxembourg

Maldives

Netherlands

Norway

Poland

Portugal

Qatar

Romania

Saudi Arabia

Serbia

Seychelles

Slovakia

Slovenia

South Korea

Spain

Sweden

Switzerland

Turkey

Ukraine

United Arab Emirates

United States

Uzbekistann

017

001

040

011

CANCELLED

CANCELLED

CANCELLED

CANCELLED

CANCELLED

CANCELLED

CANCELLED

CANCELLED

CANCELLED

001

001

CANCELLED

CANCELLED

016

001

086

CANCELLED

CANCELLED

CANCELLED

007

CANCELLED

CANCELLED

004

CANCELLED

001

001

002

001

001

CANCELLED

CANCELLED

002

CANCELLED

001

001

094

001

102

002

021

Flights from Russia earlier than and after sanctions

Armenia

Austria

Azerbaijan

Belarus

Belgium

BRITAIN

Croatia

Cyprus

Czech Republic

Denmark

Estonia

Finland

France

Germany

Greece

Hungary

Iceland

Israel

Italy

Kazakhstan

Latvia

Lithuania

Luxembourg

Maldives

Netherlands

Norway

Poland

Portugal

Qatar

Romania

Saudi Arabia

Serbia

Seychelles

Slovakia

Slovenia

South Korea

Spain

Sweden

Switzerland

Turkey

Ukraine

United Arab Emirates

United States

Uzbekistan

016

051

043

023

004

078

002

039

011

004

029

043

123

080

012

009

003

033

064

067

066

016

003

031

006

001

015

005

004

008

005

052

004

002

002

003

020

010

118

074

016

153

020

024

Armenia

Austria

Azerbaijan

Belarus

Belgium

BRITAIN

Croatia

Cyprus

Czech Republic

Denmark

Estonia

Finland

France

Germany

Greece

Hungary

Iceland

Israel

Italy

Kazakhstan

Latvia

Lithuania

Luxembourg

Maldives

Netherlands

Norway

Poland

Portugal

Qatar

Romania

Saudi Arabia

Serbia

Seychelles

Slovakia

Slovenia

South Korea

Spain

Sweden

Switzerland

Turkey

Ukraine

United Arab Emirates

United States

Uzbekistan

017

001

040

011

CANCELLED

CANCELLED

CANCELLED

CANCELLED

CANCELLED

CANCELLED

CANCELLED

CANCELLED

CANCELLED

001

001

CANCELLED

CANCELLED

016

001

086

CANCELLED

CANCELLED

CANCELLED

007

CANCELLED

CANCELLED

004

CANCELLED

001

001

002

001

001

CANCELLED

CANCELLED

002

CANCELLED

001

001

094

001

102

002

021


Be aware: Sanctions on people began on Feb. 25 and a ban on airspace on Feb. 27. “Flights earlier than sanctions” refers to data from Feb. 1 to March 15., and “after sanctions” from March 16 to Might 8.

Multinational firms equivalent to Goldman Sachs and Google have relocated Moscow-based workers to Dubai because the invasion. Certainly one of Russia’s best-known restaurateurs is engaged on a brand new venture in Dubai. And a Dubai-based wellness firm not too long ago opened what it says is the town’s first banya, or Russian sauna — simply in time for summer season’s 110-degree days.

“We needed to tweak it a bit of bit for Dubai,” mentioned the corporate’s chief government, Dominique Laird, estimating that 90 p.c of her banya clients had been Russian. “You possibly can’t drink vodka within the steam room. They undoubtedly can’t be bare.”

Through the Might holidays in Russia, bookended by Labor Day on Might 1 and World Conflict II Victory Day on Might 9, a parade of Russian celebrities descended on Dubai. Most placing amongst them: Dmitri Kiselyov, the host of the marquee weekly propaganda present on Russian state tv, during which he commonly threatens the West with nuclear annihilation. In Dubai, he was photographed, chilly drink in hand, in brief, pink swimming trunks.

The Occasions’s evaluation reveals that even amid the tensions between Moscow and the West within the weeks main as much as the invasion of Ukraine, personal jets had been flocking from Russia to Europe. Within the first three weeks of February, their hottest locations had been France, Switzerland, Britain and Germany.

After the invasion on Feb. 24, personal jets continued to fly out of Russia — however, by late April, just about none had been heading to Europe. As a substitute, past the United Arab Emirates, they’ve additionally made for Turkey, which has provided a secure haven for Russian oligarchs’ yachts and jets even because it sells deadly drones to Ukraine’s army.

Kazakhstan, the largest nation in Central Asia by space, has develop into one other hub for Russian enterprise. It’s the place the American consulting large McKinsey initially relocated lots of of workers of its Moscow workplace because it exited the Russian market this spring, and it was the third-most fashionable vacation spot for personal jets departing Russia after the invasion.

Regardless of worldwide sanctions and shutting airspace, a few of Russia’s highest-profile oligarchs saved flying world wide after the invasion, The Occasions’s evaluation suggests.

Dubai has develop into a focus for journey, with some enterprise tycoons parking their jets there; greater than 70 stay parked within the United Arab Emirates or had been solely returned to Russia after being caught there for weeks, the evaluation suggests.






Al Maktoum

Worldwide Airport

Al Maktoum

Worldwide Airport

Al Maktoum

Worldwide Airport


Supply: Satellite tv for pc picture by Planet Labs PBC.

A airplane owned by Roman Abramovich, an oligarch and former proprietor of the Chelsea soccer membership, flew to Dubai simply days after sanctions towards Russian people kicked in:


Path of Roman Abramovich Jet

Boeing 787-8 Dreamliner





The jet left Moscow

for Dubai on March 4,

simply sooner or later after

the sanctions.

Dubai is the final

recorded location.

The jet left Moscow

for Dubai on March 4,

simply sooner or later after

the sanctions.

Dubai is the final

recorded location.

The jet left Moscow for Dubai on March 4, simply sooner or later after the sanctions.

Dubai is the final recorded location.


Sources: ADS-B Change and Flightradar24

Be aware: Sanctions on people began on Feb. 25 and a ban on airspace on Feb. 27. “Flights earlier than sanctions” refers to data from Feb. 1 to March 15. Knowledge doesn’t point out who was on board.

In June, the American authorities obtained a warrant for 2 of Mr. Abramovich’s planes, together with the Dreamliner. They alleged that the airplane had violated American sanctions when it was flown to Russia on March 4.

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